Cocaine

WHAT IS IT?

Cocaine is a white, crystalline powder derived from coca leaves. Cocaine base (crack) looks like small, irregularly shaped white rocks.

OTHER NAMES

Coca, Coke, Crack, Crank, Flake, Rock, Snow, Soda Cot

HOW IT IS TAKEN

  • Snorted
  • Dissolved in water and injected
  • Crack cocaine is smoked
  • Cocaine users usually binge on the drug until they are exhausted or run out of cocaine.

HOW DOES IT AFFECT THE BODY?

  • Smoking or injection creates an intense euphoric “rush”
  • Tolerance builds quickly, easy to overdose
  • Cardiac arrhythmias
  • Increased blood pressure and heart rate
  • Restlessness, irritability, anxiety, paranoia
  • Insomnia, loss of appetite
  • Stroke or death
  • Sudden cardiac arrest
  • Convulsion
  • The crash that follows a high is mental and physical exhaustion, sleep, and depression lasting several days. Following the crash, users crave cocaine again.

Reference: https://www.justthinktwice.gov/drugs/cocaine

Khat

WHAT IS IT?

Khat is a stimulant drug made from the leaves and twigs of the evergreen shrub. The active ingredients in khat are cathine and cathinone.

STREET NAMES

Abyssinian Tea, African Salad, Catha, Chat, Kat, Miraa, Oat, Qat, Quaadka

HOW IT IS TAKEN

Khat can be chewed, used in a tea or chewable paste, smoked, or sprinkled on food.

HOW DOES IT AFFECT THE BODY?

  • Manic behavior with grandiose delusions
  • Chronic use can cause depression and suicide
  • Hallucinations, paranoia, nightmares
  • Euphoria, increased alertness and energy, hyperactivity
  • Increase in blood pressure and heart rate
  • Cardiac complications
  • Insomnia, gastric disorders

Reference: https://www.justthinktwice.gov/drugs/khat

METHAMPHETAMINE

WHAT IS IT?

Methamphetamine is a stimulant that speeds up the body’s system. It is available as a prescription, Desoxyn, to treat obesity and ADHD. Crystal meth resembles glass fragments and is an illegally altered version of the prescription drug that is cooked with over-the-counter drugs in meth labs.

STREET NAMES

Meth, Speed, Ice, Shards, Bikers Coffee, Stove Top, Tweak, Yaba, Trash, Chalk, Crystal, Crank, Shabu

HOW IT IS TAKEN

  • Powder, pill
  • Smoked, snorted, injected
  • To intensify the effects, users may take higher doses of the drug, take it more frequently, or change their method of intake

HOW DOES IT AFFECT THE BODY?

  • Highly addictive
  • Agitation, increased heart rate and blood pressure
  • Increased respiration and body temperature
  • Anxiety, paranoia
  • High doses can cause convulsions, cardiovascular collapse, stroke or death

Reference: https://www.justthinktwice.gov/drugs/methamphetamine