Methamphetamine

What is methamphetamine?

Methamphetamine is a powerful, highly addictive stimulant that affects the central nervous system. Crystal methamphetamine is a form of the drug that looks like glass fragments or shiny, bluish-white rocks. It is chemically similar to amphetamine, a drug used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy, a sleep disorder. 

Other common names for methamphetamine include blue, crystal, ice, meth, and speed.

Learn more about methamphetamine here

Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse; National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

What are prescription stimulants?

Prescription stimulants are medicines generally used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy—uncontrollable episodes of deep sleep. They increase alertness, attention, and energy.

What are common prescription stimulants?

  • dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine®)
  • dextroamphetamine/amphetamine combination product (Adderall®)
  • methylphenidate (Ritalin®, Concerta®).

Popular slang terms for prescription stimulants include Speed, Uppers, and Vitamin R.

Learn more about prescription stimulants here

Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse; National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

What is cocaine?

Cocaine is a powerfully addictive stimulant drug made from the leaves of the coca plant native to South America. Although health care providers can use it for valid medical purposes, such as local anesthesia for some surgeries, recreational cocaine use is illegal. As a street drug, cocaine looks like a fine, white, crystal powder. Street dealers often mix it with things like cornstarch, talcum powder, or flour to increase profits. They may also mix it with other drugs such as the stimulant amphetamine, or synthetic opioids, including fentanyl. Adding synthetic opioids to cocaine is especially risky when people using cocaine don’t realize it contains this dangerous additive. Increasing numbers of overdose deaths among cocaine users might be related to this tampered cocaine.

Popular nicknames for cocaine include:

  • Blow
  • Coke
  • Crack
  • Rock
  • Snow

For more information about cocaine click here

Reference: National Institute on Drug Abuse; National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

ECSTASY OR MDMA (ALSO KNOWN AS MOLLY)

WHAT IS IT?

Ecstasy or MDMA is a synthetic psychoactive drug that acts as a stimulant and a hallucinogen.

STREET NAMES

Adam, Beans, Biscuit, Clarity, Disco Biscuit, E, Eve, Go, Hug Drug, Lover’s Speed, MDMA, Peace, STP, X, XTC

HOW IT IS TAKEN

  • Swallowing  gel capsules (Molly), pills, tablets
  • Powder, crystal, liquid
  • Crushed or snorted
  • Occasionally smoked   

HOW DOES IT AFFECT THE BODY?

  • Increased motor activity, alertness, heart rate, blood pressure
  • Muscle tension, tremors, teeth clenching, nausea, sweating
  • Euphoria, empathy, reduced inhibition
  • Chills, blurred vision
  • Confusion, anxiety, depression, paranoia, severe dehydration
  • Sharp increase in body temperature (hyperthermia), which can lead to liver, kidney and cardiovascular failure and death

Reference: https://www.justthinktwice.gov/drugs/ecstasy-or-mdma-also-known-molly

Bath Salts

WHAT IS IT?

Bath Salts are synthetic stimulants, solid under various brand names. They resemble Epsom salts and are labeled “Not for human consumption.” 

STREET NAMES

Bliss, Blue Silk, Cloud Nine, Drone, Energy-1, Ivory Wave, Lunar Wave, Meow Meow, Meph, Ocean Burst, Pure Ivory, Purple Wave, Red Dove, Snow Leopard, Stardust, Vanilla Sky, White Dove, White Knight, White Lightning

HOW IT IS TAKEN

Sniffing/snorting, orally, smoked, or put into a solution and injected

HOW DOES IT AFFECT THE BODY?

  • Insomnia, irritability, dizziness
  • Feelings of empathy, stimulation, alertness, euphoria, and sensory awareness
  • Paranoia, hallucinations, delusions, suicidal thoughts, seizures
  • Rapid heart rate that may lead to stroke or heart attack
  • Sweating, nausea, and vomiting
  • Prolonged panic attacks
  • Death

Reference: https://www.justthinktwice.gov/drugs/bath-salts

Cocaine

WHAT IS IT?

Cocaine is a white, crystalline powder derived from coca leaves. Cocaine base (crack) looks like small, irregularly shaped white rocks.

OTHER NAMES

Coca, Coke, Crack, Crank, Flake, Rock, Snow, Soda Cot

HOW IT IS TAKEN

  • Snorted
  • Dissolved in water and injected
  • Crack cocaine is smoked
  • Cocaine users usually binge on the drug until they are exhausted or run out of cocaine.

HOW DOES IT AFFECT THE BODY?

  • Smoking or injection creates an intense euphoric “rush”
  • Tolerance builds quickly, easy to overdose
  • Cardiac arrhythmias
  • Increased blood pressure and heart rate
  • Restlessness, irritability, anxiety, paranoia
  • Insomnia, loss of appetite
  • Stroke or death
  • Sudden cardiac arrest
  • Convulsion
  • The crash that follows a high is mental and physical exhaustion, sleep, and depression lasting several days. Following the crash, users crave cocaine again.

Reference: https://www.justthinktwice.gov/drugs/cocaine